About us

The Netherlands Olfactory Science Exchange is a multi-disciplinary enterprise that brings
together researchers, experts, artists, and organisations in the field of odour and flavour
perception and cognition. Its initiation was stimulated by The Netherlands Organisation for
Scientific Research (NWO) grant ‘Human olfaction at the intersection of language, culture and biology’.

Our aims are to:

  • inspire and fuel original thinking about olfaction
  • inform the public about the sense of smell
  • be a platform for discussions around applications of smell and taste
  • stimulate wide recognition of the importance of the sense of smell for human behaviour
  • increase the possibilities for scientific research into the sense of smell
  • encourage research collaborations across disciplines related to olfaction

NOSE is the first and only academic enterprise with an olfactory logo. Birthe Leemeijer created ‘Essence de Mastenbroek’ – the scent of a typical Dutch landscape – as a social invisible sculpture (see Dutch heritage smells for more information).

Chair: Sanne Boesveldt

Steering Committee: Monique Smeets, Garmt Dijksterhuis, Jasper de Groot, Caro Verbeek, Ilja Croijmans, Laura Speed


On the origin of the Netherlands Olfaction Science Exchange (NOSE)

by Laura Speed

Despite the long and illustrious history of olfaction research in the Netherlands (e.g., Hendrik
Zwaardemaker from Utrecht University invented the olfactometer in 1888), there has never been a
dedicated national platform for olfactory researchers and allied parties to meet and exchange the
latest research perspectives. On November 15th the inaugural NOSE scientific meeting was held at
Utrecht University. The meeting included speakers from a range of disciplines (from medicine to art
history), and highlighted the breadth of olfactory research present today in the Netherlands. We
present some highlights of the events for those budding odour enthusiasts who were unable to
attend, and for those enthusiastic attendees who would like to relive the day.

Sanne Boesveldt (Wageningen University) discussed how olfactory cues can affect appetite and
eating behaviour, raising questions about when odours can be effective cues for food, and whether
they could be manipulated to increase healthy food behaviour. Peter de Jong (University of
Groningen) introduced how odour can be used in psychopathology and explained how disgust odours
can affect sexual behaviour. Garmt Dijksterhuis (Wageningen University) strongly argued olfactory
transmission is an unlikely possibility, highlighting differences between olfaction and vision and
sound. Andrea Evers (Leiden University) raised the question of whether odours can be useful in
placebo research and provided evidence that odours can condition physiological responses. Rob
Holland (Radboud University) again highlighted the relationship between disgust and odour, showing
that disgusting pictures can lower olfactory threshold, implying we become more attuned to odour
when we’re in a state of disgust. Asifa Majid (Radboud University) added a cross-cultural perspective,
showing that although vision language dominates across languages, in some cultures elaborate odour
lexicons exist. With an interactive odour presentation, Caro Verbeek (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
explored historical smells and taught us how to “look at art with an olfactory gaze”. Wilbert Boek
(Hospital Gelderse Vallei) discussed odour from the perspective of an ENT doctor, and emphasised
the effect anosmia can have on one’s daily life, and how the medical profession should be more
aware of its importance. The meeting ended with Monique Smeets (Utrecht University), describing
her work on the role of odour in social signalling, for example, the odour of fearful sweat can lead to
fear expressions, and the odour of happy sweat can lead to happy expressions.