Inhaling Knowledge: The Nose as an Educational Tool

Caro Verbeek wrote an article on how to improve education by using the olfactory sense as another window to the world: According to educationalist Maria Montessori, training the senses in young children was essential for their understanding of the world, concepts and even moral. In this article I explore the role olfaction can play for adults in higher education, considering that ...
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Conference Review: Association for Chemoreception Sciences (AChemS)

By Laura Speed The annual meeting of the Association for Chemoreception Sciences (AChemS) took place on April 14—17, 2019, set in a lush, tropical corner of South West Florida. The conference brings together research focused on understanding the chemical senses—smell, taste, trigeminal irritation, and internal chemoreception—from both academia and industry ...
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Jorg Hempenius

Art and Olfactory awards 2019

This year the art and olfactory awards where held in Amsterdam. The Art and Olfaction Awards are an awards mechanism celebrating excellence in independent, artisan, and experimental work with scent. Our annual public event - the awarding of the Golden Pears - takes place in locations around the world. This ...
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Highlights from the inaugural NOSE scientific meeting


Despite the long and illustrious history of olfaction research in the Netherlands (e.g., Hendrik
Zwaardemaker from Utrecht University invented the olfactometer in 1888), there has never been a
dedicated national platform for olfactory researchers and allied parties to meet and exchange the
latest research perspectives. On November 15th the inaugural NOSE scientific meeting was held at
Utrecht University. The meeting included speakers from a range of disciplines (from medicine to art
history), and highlighted the breadth of olfactory research present today in the Netherlands. We
present some highlights of the events for those budding odour enthusiasts who were unable to
attend, and for those enthusiastic attendees who would like to relive the day.

Sanne Boesveldt (Wageningen University) discussed how olfactory cues can affect appetite and
eating behaviour, raising questions about when odours can be effective cues for food, and whether
they could be manipulated to increase healthy food behaviour. Peter de Jong (University of
Groningen) introduced how odour can be used in psychopathology and explained how disgust odours
can affect sexual behaviour. Garmt Dijksterhuis (Wageningen University) strongly argued olfactory
transmission is an unlikely possibility, highlighting differences between olfaction and vision and
sound. Andrea Evers (Leiden University) raised the question of whether odours can be useful in
placebo research and provided evidence that odours can condition physiological responses. Rob
Holland (Radboud University) again highlighted the relationship between disgust and odour, showing
that disgusting pictures can lower olfactory threshold, implying we become more attuned to odour
when we’re in a state of disgust. Asifa Majid (Radboud University) added a cross-cultural perspective,
showing that although vision language dominates across languages, in some cultures elaborate odour
lexicons exist. With an interactive odour presentation, Caro Verbeek (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
explored historical smells and taught us how to “look at art with an olfactory gaze”. Wilbert Boek
(Hospital Gelderse Vallei) discussed odour from the perspective of an ENT doctor, and emphasised
the effect anosmia can have on one’s daily life, and how the medical profession should be more
aware of its importance. The meeting ended with Monique Smeets (Utrecht University), describing
her work on the role of odour in social signalling, for example, the odour of fearful sweat can lead to
fear expressions, and the odour of happy sweat can lead to happy expressions.
After this fascinating first meeting, we look forward to hearing from new members, and to further
olfactory events in the near future.

Laura Speed